A Python function is a block of organized, reusable code that is used to perform a single, related action.
Functions provide better modularity for your application and a high degree of code reusing.
Python gives you many built-in functions like print(), etc. but you can also create your own functions. These functions are called user-defined functions.
Defining a Python Function
You can define functions to provide the required functionality. Here are simple rules to define a function in Python.
Function blocks begin with the keyword def followed by the function name and parentheses ( ( ) ).
Any input parameters or arguments should be placed within these parentheses. You can also define parameters inside these parentheses.
The first statement of a function can be an optional statement – the documentation string of the function or docstring.
The code block within every function starts with a colon (:) and is indented.The statement return [expression] exits a function, optionally passing back an expression to the caller.
A return statement with no arguments is the same as return None.
Calling a Function
Defining a function only gives it a name, specifies the parameters that are to be included in the function and structures the blocks of code.
Once the basic structure of a function is finalized, you can execute it by calling it from another function or directly from the Python prompt. Following is the example to call printme()